Sunday, July 22, 2012

Efficiency And Security Of Online Transactions

With the accelerating nature of technological advancement, many businesses have decided to play along by adopting newer and better methods of accepting and giving payments. Online businesses are on the rise thus necessitating methods of payment and banks that can be used to transact deals between the individual businesses and their consumers. International business which source clients from all over the world may experience difficulty when physical movement is to be involved.

In the search of fast and efficient methods of making transactions, there is an introduction of online banks and methods of making payments such as credit and debit cards. The payment card to be allowed for transaction is based on arrangement between the acceptors and the merchants involved. There are agreements which must be met by parties to the transactions in order to be implemented.

The parties to some of the transactions may include acquiring bank and aggregators such as PayPal. The businesses may deal directly with the acquiring banks or involve the aggregators to act as intermediary in transferring of funds. The contracts are legally effected under regulations of operation which are established by card associations which oversee the legality and security of every online transaction.

Online credit card transactions are sent through electronic means to the banks associated with the merchants where they are authorized, captured and deposited for their clients. There are various methods which can be used to send credit card information to the banks in order to receive the payments; through swiping, reading of computer chip or entering the information into the related terminals. Websites mostly provide a form which act as terminal for receiving credit card information.

Online transactions are however recommended to be done with a lot of caution in order to avoid being swindled as there are several online fraudsters and may cause huge losses to businesses. Initially, credit card slips were sent via email to the processing banks of the recipients; such methods have been overshadowed by modern electronic methods. Some of the common terminals include printer, modem, magnetic stripe reader, keypad and memory card among others.

Internet merchant accounts have become very popular and have been adopted by several business globally to boost their businesses and also broaden their customer-base. Those in possession of Master-Card and Visa are better placed when making transactions as many businesses require their clients to use such. Consumers can easily purchase goods from abroad and have the payment sent easily and efficiently.

Sunday, July 15, 2012

An Introduction and Overview of Mergers and Acquisitions

Mergers and acquisitions are a very important part of business. As an umbrella term 'mergers and acquisitions' generally refers to anything to do with buying, selling or joining businesses and companies. In general usage the separate terms of 'mergers' and 'acquisitions' have tended to blur together, but actually mean separate and distinct things. Mergers and acquisitions (or M&A) can involve a wide range of people; these include investment bankers, mergers and acquisitions solicitors, the companies themselves and the shareholders. It can be a complicated process and this article aims to provide a basic introduction to what mergers and acquisitions are.

What is a merger? As the name might suggest it is where two businesses merge their assets. The result of two companies doing this is that they become one new company, or 'surviving business'. The non-surviving company becomes a part of the surviving company, their shares are converted to shares in the new company and shareholders become shareholders in the surviving company. In comparison, an acquisition is where one company 'acquires' another - this may be done through the purchase of stock or assets. A share purchase acquisition is where one company buys the shares of a different company. The company whose shares are bought, the 'target company', becomes a subsidiary of the purchasing company. A hostile takeover occurs when the target company is publicly traded and the shares are bought by another company, even if the shareholders oppose the purchase.

There are generally two types of mergers and acquisitions deals - these are buy-side deals and sell-side deals. Sell-side deals occur when a client wants to sell their company. This could be for a number of reasons, the client may simply no longer want to run the company or perhaps the company is close to bankruptcy. The decision to sell will lie with the board of directors of the company unless the company is owned by a private equity firm. Buy-side deals are, rather obviously, the opposite. They are when a client wants to buy a company and want help either finding a suitable company to buy or help carrying out the transaction. Mergers and acquisitions are a good way for small businesses to expand into new arenas and gain entry into new markets. This is because the company they are buying may already have these connections.

Buy-side and sell-side deals are either broad processes or targeted processes. A broad process is where the client who either wants to buy or sell has not yet decided on the exact buyer or the company they want to buy. In a broad process the client is shown a large group of potential buyers or potential acquisitions (depending on whether they want to buy or sell). In a targeted process, the client has either already decided on a buyer/company or they are already talking to the prospective buyer or company. You can have a targeted buy-side deal or a broad buy-side deal and you can have a targeted sell-side deal or a broad sell-side deal. When undertaking a broad process, the aim is to try and garner as much interest as possible from buyers and sellers - with a sell-side deal this will usually turn into some of auction.

Mergers and acquisitions can be a complicated process - and this is where the mergers and acquisitions solicitors come in. When a company merges with another due diligence must be carried out. This is the examining of the finances and legal status of the other company. M&A Solicitors will usually be the ones to carry out due diligence. They will check that the information is accurate and that nothing is being hidden. They will investigate whether the other company has any debts, legal claims or intellectual property liabilities as any of these can be detrimental to the surviving company. The law surrounding M&A can be tricky to understand and the contractual documents, depending on the size of the business, can be hundreds of pages long so it is usually advisable to involve solicitors who specialise in mergers and acquisitions in the transactions.

Thursday, July 12, 2012

Lose Little With Hedging - A Binary Options Trading Strategy

The popularity of binary options is owed due to the fact that any risk associated with the trade is calculated and predetermined. However, even with the calculated risk, no trader wants to end up on the 'loss' side of the outcome. Hence, different strategies are employed by traders to make their binary trading options more profitable; one of these techniques is Hedging.

Hedging is used to reduce any possible losses, and maximize the gains incurred by any organization or individual. In the case of binary options, traders use hedging to reduce risk of investment to the lowest possible. To do this, they use methods like call and put options, future contracts or short selling techniques. Through this, they are able to secure their existing profit and diminish the instability of any portfolio, so that whatever profit they already have, will not be lost. Hence, a combination of hedging and binary options yields the best profit and lessens loss.

Binary options as a trade are short-term in nature, which means that their trading life is usually of an hour or a day, at the most. Since time is a constraint here, the decisions which yield profit from your binary options needs to be made carefully. This is where partial hedging or complete hedging comes into play. The price and total profit of a share has a value which can be gained before the time expires, by either keeping or selling the shares. At this point, careful use of the call and put options can take the profits to double amount.

In binary trade, complete Hedging means to sell off all the shares as soon as the profit is at its maximum within the hour, so that the total profit can be maximized. Partial hedging is meant for selling half of the shares and keeping the other half before the hour expires. In this manner, even though there is still some risk involved, but it is reduced by half the percentage, as compared to keeping all the shares. Partial hedging is used in binary options when the prediction is in line with what the trader needs. Hence, the risk on the shares sold is diminished, and those kept can be minimized through correct prediction.

This is a relatively simplistic binary trading strategy, which assists traders in making good profits and eliminating risks. The hedging technique is not only used by binary brokers, but also by many other financial instruments like swaps, forward contracts, insurance etc. When trading in binary options, familiarizing yourself with hedging is valuable in order to utilize its benefits.

Sunday, July 8, 2012

10 Reasons Why You Should Become a Freight Broker

1 You can be totally independent.
When you're a freight broker you call the shots. You make all the decisions and can choose to start on your own or you can hire a couple employees to help you build your business. Either way, there's no boss breathing down your neck while you're on the telephone speaking with a customer.

2 They have more time with their families... at home.
If you're a driver, being on the road all the time becomes stale after a time. Sure you get to see different places but you don't really have time to dawdle and see the sights. All you're concerned about is getting from point A to point B in the shortest possible time or you lose paying customers.

As a freight broker, you set your working time so you'll have more hours spent teaching your son how to catch a football, having weekly date nights with your significant other, or even going on real sightseeing trips.

3 They can earn more, especially if they have their own trucking company.

You probably know the freight industry better than the back of your own hand. You have an industry network that's worth hundreds of thousands of dollars. Take advantage of this database of shippers and carriers. Add a freight broker service to streamline your operations, improve customer service, and keep the revenue to grow your business rather than letting other freight brokers cut into your bottom line.

4 Brokers have 60-second commutes.
Working from the comforts of your own home is a dream shared by many. Work in your slippers and pajamas if you want. Lunch is served hot and enjoyed for an hour, not on the run. And there's only a one-minute walk to the fridge for some mid-afternoon energy boost. No time wasted getting stuck in an hour-long, traffic-riddled commute. Plus, you can sleep in on some days. What's not to like?

5 Start up costs are minimal
You will need less than $3,500 to get started on your freight broker career--from freight broker training and licensing to setting up shop. Many successful freight brokers we've known got their start with the dining table doubling as their work space. You have the flexibility of starting bare bones or dressing up your work area to the nines. You're the boss, it's your call.

6 They spend as little as $400 monthly on their overhead expenses.
If you're a one-man operation and you work from home, you'll often find yourself saving dollars on overhead. Your time will be spent mostly on the phone--negotiating with shippers and carriers, researching and tracking shipments.

7 They can earn as much as they want.
This is a booming industry and the only limit to your income is your commitment to success. There's plenty of business to go around, especially with e-commerce rebounding. Shippers are sending out goods from warehouses and distribution centers more and more and this can only mean more opportunities to earn.

8 They have an ever-expanding universe of opportunities.
The more your freight brokerage business is growing, the more you're shoring up your smarts in the industry. And the more you're building up your leadership, the more you're acquiring new industry contacts who work anywhere from Seattle to Yonkers. Your universe as a freight broker is expanding exponentially... and so is your income.

9 Your business is the start of a stable family business.
Once you've achieved success as a freight broker, there's nowhere to go but up--including a robust business where the rest of the family can get involved. Your children can start learning the ropes; you can begin employing people you trust; and your business can end up becoming one of the valuable businesses in your state! The possibilities are endless.

10 Your business is a priceless legacy.
A freight brokerage company run by you and your family is an enormous asset that can take care of your family long after you're gone--whether they continue to run it or sell it at top dollar. It's a positive win on all sides.